CAT-5, CAT-5e, CAT-6, and CAT-7 Transceiver Facts

CAT-5 CAT-5e CAT-6 and CAT 7 Transceiver FactsTransceiver technology can be used in conjunction with Ethernet cable to deliver a complete solution in the telecommunications industry. There are several industry standards that can help people who are in need of Ethernet cable that transmit signals fast. Here are some facts about CAT-5, CAT-5e, CAT-6, and CAT-7 transceivers that you need to know:

Facts About CAT-5 Cable
CAT-5 cable and transceivers are the industry standard for network and telephone wiring. It is the type of cable that features unshielded wire containing four pairs of 24-gauge twisted copper pairs. These pairs terminate into an RJ-45 jack. The designation for the twisted pair is printed on outside of the wire.

The outer sheath usually comes in a variety of colors including solid orange, green, blue, and brown wires. Bright blue is the most common color used and is how most Ethernet cables are recognized.

The wires are twisted around mates that are white and striped with a solid color. The twisted pairs will reduce interference and crosstalk. For the best performance, all twisted pairs should remain twisted except at the termination point.

CAT-5 cable can be purchased from a spool in a variety of lengths or bought pre-cut in standard lengths. RJ-45 jacks may be purchased from a spools in the length the designer desires, or it can be bought pre-cut to standard lengths with RJ-45 jacks attached.

CAT-5 is rated to 100 M and has a 100 ohm impedance, which means that it can support transmissions up to 100 MHz. During high-data transfer scenarios, they tend to perform below standard. For optimal performance at high-speeds, consider CAT-5e cables. These cables operate well with ATM and gigabit speed products.

Facts About CAT-5e Cable
CAT-5e cable and transceivers are rated to 350M and has a 100 ohm impedance like CAT-5, and they both support transmissions up to 100 MHz. CAT-5e components are designed to work with ATM and gigabit speed products. For instance, if your design requires a 100 Mbps switch, you should consider a CAT-5e cable instead of a CAT-5 cable.

The “e” in CAT-5e stands for enhanced. It’s backwards compatible with CAT-5 equipment and cable. It ensures that the cable will support applications that require additional bandwidth. Designers who want to have a cable that is compatible with 100 BASE-T networks will support long-distance runs of 1,150 feet.

Facts About CAT-6 Transceivers
CAT-6e is one of the newest technologies available for designers who want to achieve better performance. The cabling is more complicated than it’s counterparts. CAT-6 cables are able to achieve the desired speeds with short lengths of cable. Both CAT-6 and CAT-6e are rated to 500M or 1000M depending on the source.

CAT-6a cables and transceivers are strict about shielding and protection against alien crosstalk. If the signal from one cable leaks into another, then crosstalk occurs. Crosstalk can distort the signal through the introduction of noise and force the network devices to operate at a slower. CAT-6a cables cost more than double of CAT-6 cables.

Facts About CAT-7 Transceivers
CAT-7 is rated to 700 M or presumably 1000 M. Up to 600 Mhz is supported by CAT-7, and speeds of up to 10,000 Mbit/s are also supported. CAT-7a cables and transceivers can perform up to 1000 Mhz and 40 Gbit/s. The CAT-7 cables also feature more strict specifications for crosstalk than its predecessors. CAT-7 is recognized for all by all the country organization members of ISO.

Learn What You Need to Know About Transceivers
These transceivers are some of the best in the industry, but each transceiver type is recommended for different applications. Every designer needs to make a decision about which cable will be best for their design.

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